Born: c. 2620 BC
Died: c. 2566 BC
Location of death: Egypt
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Mummified, whereabouts unknown
Race or Ethnicity: Middle Eastern
Sexual orientation: Straight
Nationality: Ancient Egypt
Executive summary: Pharaoh, buried in the Great Pyramid
Khufu was the second Pharaoh of Fourth Dynasty, ruling about twenty-five centuries before Christ. Experts dispute exactly when he came to power or how long he ruled, and little is known about him beyond his reported cruelty and, apparently, his great self-admiration -- he ordered the construction of his magnificent tomb, the Great Pyramid at Giza Necropolis (Al-Jizah).
The Pyramid consists of about 2.4 million stones, with individual stones averaging about two and a half tons each, transported up to 500 miles to the worksite. Construction is believed to have taken about twenty years, with a workforce estimated as high as 300,000, all overseen by Khufu's nephew, Hemiunu, who may have been the Pyramid's architect. It is uncertain whether these workers were slaves, as there is some evidence that at least some of them received a nominal pay. At its completion Khufu's Pyramid was the largest man-made building on Earth -- each side measuring more than 750 feet in length. It is the last of the original Seven Wonders of the World still standing. The internal chamber where Khufu was entombed has been explored by archaeologists, but his remains have never been found.
Father: Sneferu (Pharaoh)
Mother: Hetepheres (Queen)
Son: Djedefra (successor Pharaoh, married Hetepheres II)
Son: Khafre (Pharaoh)
Son: Kawab (married Hetepheres II)
Daughter: Hetepheres II (married her brothers Kawab and Djedefra)
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