Born: c. 1516 BC
Died: c. 1425 BC
Location of death: Egypt
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Mummified, Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt
Race or Ethnicity: Middle Eastern
Sexual orientation: Straight
Nationality: Ancient Egypt
Executive summary: 18th Dynasty Pharaoh
Thutmose III was only an infant when he became Pharaoh at his father's death, and his father's wife -- Hatshepsut, who was not his mother -- made all executive decisions through his childhood. She grew so accustomed to power that she yielded virtually no authority to Thutmose III until at least his late teen years. He is believed to have held no ultimate authority until her death, after which Thutmose ordered her name removed from all monuments and records, and statues in her honor destroyed.
He is remembered for putting down several rebellions among his people, and for a series of battles to assert Egypt's authority and expand its borders. Inscriptions from his time -- probably somewhat exaggerated -- claim that Egyptian armies took more than 350 cities during his reign. His armies were said to scatter his foes "as if by spirits" at the Battle at Megiddo (Armageddon). He took Syria, defeated the Mitannians, and advanced south along the Nile River into the Sudan.
Father: Thutmose II (Pharaoh)
Wife: Meritre Hatshepsut
Wife: Sitioh (commoner)
Daughter: Ahmose Meritamen II
Son: Amenhotep II (successor Pharaoh, mother was Meritre Hatshepsut)
Daughter: Sitamen I
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