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Alfred Blalock

Born: 5-Apr-1899
Birthplace: Culloden, GA
Died: 15-Sep-1964
Location of death: Baltimore, MD
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Druid Ridge Cemetery, Pikesville, MD

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Doctor

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: "Blue baby" operation

Surgeon Alfred Blalock, in collaboration with cardiologist Helen B. Taussig and surgical assistant Vivien Thomas, developed an operation to treat tetralogy of Fallot, a congenital heart defect that robs the blood of oxygen (turning a newborn's skin somewhat bluish, leading to the affliction's common name, "blue baby" syndrome). Blalock performed the first Blalock-Taussig operation on 29 November 1944, attaching an artery leaving the heart to an artery leading to the lungs, thus giving the blood additional oxygenation. Blalock himself thought his most important work was his development of the life-saving use of plasma or whole-blood transfusions for hemorrhagic and traumatic shock.

Father: George Blalock (merchant, d. 1931)
Mother: Martha Davis Bialock
Sister: Elizabeth Blalock
Brother: Edgar Blalock
Wife: Mary Chambers O'Bryan Blalock (m. 25-Oct-1930, one daughter, two sons)
Son: William Rice Blalock
Daughter: Mary Elizabeth Blalock
Son: Alfred Dandy Blalock

    High School: Georgia Military College, Milledgeville, GA (1915)
    University: BA, University of Georgia (1918)
    Medical School: MD, Johns Hopkins University (1922)
    Teacher: Medicine, Vanderbilt University (1925-41)
    Professor: Surgery, Johns Hopkins University (1941-64)

    National Academy of Sciences
    American Philosophical Society
    French Legion of Honor
    Lasker Award 1955 (with Helen B. Taussig)
    Passano Award 1948 (with Taussig)
    Rudolph Matas Award 1950
    Risk Factors: Smoking

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