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Victor Grignard

Victor GrignardAKA François Auguste Victor Grignard

Born: 6-May-1871
Birthplace: Cherbourg, France
Died: 13-Dec-1935
Location of death: Lyon, France
Cause of death: Infection

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Grignard Reaction

Military service: French Army (1892-93, and again during WWI)

French chemist Victor Grignard won the Nobel Prize in 1912 for his doctoral thesis at the University of Lyon, a study of organic magnesium compounds. The paper defined what is now called the Grignard Reagent, a class of extremely reactive and unstable chemical compounds used to synthesize alcohols, carboxylic acids, hydrocarbons, and other compounds, and led to a broad swathe of subsequent developments in organic synthesis. He engineered dichloroethyl sulfide (mustard gas) for use as chemical weaponry during World War I, and later studied ketone splitting of tertiary alcohols, ozonization of unsaturated compounds, and condensation of aldehydes and ketones.

Father: Théophile Henri Grignard (marine carpenter)
Mistress: Marie Hébert Grignard
Wife: Augustine Marie Boulant (m. 1910, one son, one daughter)
Son: Robert Paindestre (stepson)
Son: Roger Grignard (chemist, b. 1911)

    University: École Normale Spécial, Cluny, France (attended, 1889-91)
    University: BS Chemistry, University of Lyon (1894)
    University: PhD Chemistry, University of Lyon (1901)
    Scholar: Chemistry, University of Lyon (1901-05)
    Scholar: Chemistry, University of Besançon (1905-06)
    Teacher: Chemistry, University of Lyon (1906-08)
    Professor: Chemistry, University of Lyon (1908-09)
    Professor: Organic Chemistry, University of Nancy (1909-19)
    Professor: General Chemistry, University of Lyon (1919-35)
    Administrator: Director, École de Chimie Industrielle de Lyons (1921-35)

    Cahours Prize 1901, 1902
    Berthelot Medal 1902
    Jecker Prize 1905
    Lavoisier Medal 1912
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1912 (with Paul Sabatier)
    French Legion of Honor Chevalier (1912)
    French Legion of Honor Officer (1920)
    French Legion of Honor Commander (1933)
    British Chemical Society Foreign Member
    French Academy of Sciences
    French Society of Industrial Chemistry
    Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Foreign Member

Author of books:
Le Catalyse en Chimie Organique (Catalysis in Organic Chemistry) (1912, non-fiction, two volumes)

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