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Martin Deutsch

Born: 29-Jun-1917
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: 16-Aug-2002
Location of death: Cambridge, MA
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Discovered positronium

Martin Deutsch discovered positronium, a quasi-stable analog of a hydrogen atom with a positron in place of the nucleus. Positronium exists only very briefly, vanishing in as little as one ten-billionth of a second, but its existence corroborates the quantum theory of electrodynamics for a two-particle system. He also worked on the Manhattan Project, which developed the atomic bomb.

His mother was the psychiatrist Helene Deutsch, a colleague of Sigmund Freud and founder of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. Their family fled fascism in Austria when Deutsch was 17, spending a year in Switzerland before coming to America. While Deutsch was a student at MIT, Richard Feynman was a classmate and friend, and later, when he was a professor there, physicist Julian Schwinger lived in the house behind Deutsch and his wife. Their son, L. Peter Deutsch, is the founder of Aladdin Enterprises and creator of Ghostscript.

Father: Felix Deutsch (physician, b. 1884, d. 1964)
Mother: Helene Rosenbach Deutsch (psychiatrist, b. 9-Oct-1884, d. 29-Mar-1982)
Wife: Suzanne Zeitlin Deutsch (social worker)
Son: L. Peter Deutsch
Son: Nicholas Deutsch

    High School: Doblinger Gymnasium, Vienna, Austria
    University: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (attended, 1934)
    University: BS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1937)
    University: PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1941)
    Teacher: Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1941-53)
    Professor: Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1953-87)

    Rumford Prize 1985
    Manhattan Project
    Naturalized US Citizen 1942
    Austrian Ancestry
    Hungarian Ancestry (maternal)

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