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Pope Clement XII

AKA Lorenzo Corsini

Born: 7-Apr-1652
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: 6-Feb-1740
Location of death: Rome, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Basilica di San Giovanni, Rome, Italy

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Religion

Nationality: Italy
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1730-40

Clement XII, given name Lorenzo Corsini, Roman Catholic Pope from 1730 to 1740, succeeded Pope Benedict XIII on the 12th of July 1730, at the age of seventy-eight. The rascally Cardinal Coscia, who had deluded Benedict, was at once brought to justice and forced to disgorge his dishonest gains. Politically the papacy had sunk to the level of pitiful helplessness, unable to resist the aggressions of the Powers, who ignored or coerced it at will. Yet Clement entertained high hopes for Catholicism; he labored for a union with the Greek Church, and was ready to facilitate the return of the Protestants of Saxony. He deserves well of posterity for his services to learning and art; the restoration of the Arch of Constantine; the enrichment of the Capitoline museum with antique marbles and inscriptions, and of the Vatican library with oriental manuscripts; and the embellishment of the city with many buildings. He died on the 6th of February 1740, and was succeeded by Pope Benedict XIV.

    Law School: University of Pisa

    Roman Catholic Pope 12-Jul-1730 to 6-Feb-1740
    Roman Catholic Bishop Frascati
    Roman Catholic Cardinal
    Papal Inquisition
    Risk Factors: Gout, Blindness

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