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Lloyd H. Conover

AKA Lloyd Hillyard Conover

Born: 13-Jun-1923
Birthplace: Orange, NJ
Died: 11-Mar-2017
Location of death: St. Petersburg, FL
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Inventor of tetracycline

Military service: US Navy (WWII, Lt.)

Created the first "semisynthetic" antibiotic tetracycline, by altering a naturally occurring molecule. In this case Conover swapped a chlorine atom with hydrogen, the result an effective treatment for salmonella, gonorrhea, syphilis, and streptococcus. Within three years of tetracycline's patent grant, it was the most-prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotic.

Father: John Conover (attorney)
Mother: Marguerite Anna Cameron (artist)
Wife: Virginia Kirk (d. 1988, one daughter, two sons)
Daughter: Heather
Son: Kirk
Son: Roger
Wife: Marie Solomons (d. 2003)
Wife: Katharine Meacham (until his death)

    University: BA, Amherst College (1947)
    University: PhD Chemistry, University of Rochester (1950)

    Pfizer Senior VP (-1984)
    Pfizer Chemist (1950-84)
    National Inventors Hall of Fame 1992

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