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J. Michael Bishop

J. Michael BishopAKA John Michael Bishop, Jr.

Born: 22-Feb-1936
Birthplace: York, PA

Gender: Male
Religion: Agnostic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Genetic causes of cancer

For advancements in understanding of origins of cancer, J. Michael Bishop and his collaborator Harold E. Varmus were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1989. He was educated in a two-room rural schoolhouse in Pennsylvania where science was almost never mentioned, and did not decide until medical school that he wanted to be a researcher. Years before his Nobel-winning work, Bishop had been narrowly beaten by Howard M. Temin and David Baltimore in the race to unravel reverse transcriptase. In his autobiography and history of science, How to Win a Nobel Prize, he argued that scientists need to communicate better with the general public. His father was a Lutheran minister, but Bishop described himself as an apostate.

Father: John Michael Bishop, Sr. (minister)
Mother: Carrie Grey Bishop
Brother: Stephen Bishop (physicist)
Sister: Catharine Bishop (teacher)
Wife: Kathryn Ione Putman Bishop
Son: Dylan Michael Dwight Bishop (physicist)
Son: Eliot John Putman Bishop (architect)

    High School: Swatara Township High School, Oberlin, PA (1953)
    University: BS Chemistry, Gettysburg College (1957)
    Medical School: MD, Harvard Medical School (1962)
    Scholar: Virology, National Institutes of Health (1964-67)
    Scholar: Neurobiology, University of Hamburg (1967-68)
    Teacher: Microbiology and Immunology, University of California at San Francisco (1968-72)
    Professor: Microbiology and Immunology, University of California at San Francisco (1972-94)
    Professor: Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California at San Francisco (1982-)
    Administrator: Chancellor, University of California at San Francisco (1998-)

    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Society for Cell Biology
    American Society for Microbiology
    American Society for Virology
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    Massachusetts General Hospital 1962-64
    National Academy of Sciences
    Salk Institute for Biological Studies
    Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society
    Phi Beta Kappa Society
    Lasker Award 1982
    Dickson Prize 1985
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1989 (with Harold E. Varmus)
    Priestley Medal 1999
    National Medal of Science 2003

Author of books:
How to Win a Nobel Prize: An Unexpected Life in Science (2003)

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