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George Darwin

George DarwinAKA George Howard Darwin

Born: 9-Jul-1845
Birthplace: Downe, Kent, England
Died: 7-Dec-1912
Location of death: Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England
Cause of death: Complications of Surgery

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer, Mathematician

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Evolution of the Sun-Earth-Moon system

Son of Charles Darwin and descendant of Josiah Wedgwood, George Darwin said he was "born in the scientific purple". He studied the tides, the origins of the solar system, marriages between first cousins, and the "three-body problem" (a physics conundrum so difficult many believe it cannot be solved), and was knighted for his services to astronomy and mathematics. He strongly supported the theory that the moon had broken away from the Earth during our planet's molten era, a notion generally scoffed at today, but widely accepted in Darwin's time. He was the first scientist to apply mathematics to the study of the evolution of the Sun-Earth-Moon system. He also worked as a barrister and he is the namesake of Crater Darwin on Mars.

Father: Charles Darwin (naturalist, b. 12-Feb-1809, m. 29-Jan-1837, d. 19-Apr-1882)
Mother: Emma Wedgwood (granddaughter of Josiah Wedgwood, b. 2-May-1808, d. 7-Oct-1896)
Brother: William Erasmus Darwin (banker, b. 27-Dec-1839, d. 1914)
Sister: Anne Elizabeth Darwin (b. 2-Mar-1841, d. 23-Apr-1851)
Sister: Mary Eleanor Darwin (b. 23-Sep-1842, d. 16-Oct-1842)
Sister: Henrietta Emma Darwin Litchfield ("Etty", b. 25-Sep-1843, d. 1929)
Sister: Elizabeth Darwin (spinster, b. 8-Jul-1847, d. 1926)
Brother: Sir Francis Darwin (botanist, b. 16-Aug-1848, d. 1925)
Brother: Leonard Darwin (Member of Parliament, b. 15-Jan-1850, d. 1943)
Brother: Sir Horace Darwin (founded Cambridge Scientific Instrument Co., b. 13-May-1851, d. 1928)
Brother: Charles Waring Darwin (b. 6-Dec-1856, d. 28-Jun-1858)
Wife: Martha du Puy ("Maud", b. circa 1861, m. 25-Mar-1884, d. 1947, four children)
Daughter: Gwendoline Mary Raverat (artist, b. 26-Aug-1885, d. 11-Feb-1957)
Son: Sir Charles Galton Darwin (physicist, b. 18-Dec-1887, d 13-Dec-1962)
Daughter: Margaret Elizabeth Darwin Keynes (b. 1890, m. Sir Geoffrey Keynes, d. 1974)
Son: William Robert Darwin (b. 1894, d. 1970)

    University: Cambridge University
    Professor: Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, Cambridge University (1883-1912)

    Copley Medal 1911
    Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1892
    Royal Medal 1884
    Knight of the British Empire
    Royal Astronomical Society President (1899-1900)
    Royal Society 1879
    Royal Society of Edinburgh 1897
    Royal Statistical Society

Author of books:
Marriages between First Cousins in England and Their Effects (1875)
The Tides and Kindred Phenomena in the Solar System (1898)
Oceanic Tides and Lunar Disturbance of Gravity (1907)

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