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Wilhelm Hauff

Wilhelm HauffBorn: 29-Nov-1802
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: 18-Nov-1827
Location of death: Stuttgart, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Hoppenlau-Friedhof, Stuttgart, Germany

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Poet, Novelist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Phantasien im Bremer Ratskeller

German poet and novelist, born at Stuttgart on the 29th of November 1802, the son of a secretary in the ministry of foreign affairs. Young Hauff lost his father when he was but seven years of age, and his early education was practically self-gained in the library of his maternal grandfather at Tübingen, to which place his mother had removed. In 1818 he was sent to the Klosterschule at Blaubeuren, from where he passed in 1820 to the University of Tübingen. In four years he completed his philosophical and theological studies, and on leaving the university became tutor to the children of the famous Württemberg minister of war, General Baron Ernst Eugen von Hügel (1774-1849), and for them wrote his Märchen, which he published in his Märchenalmanach auf das Jahr 1826. He also wrote there the first part of the Mitteilungen aus den Memoiren des Satan (1826) and Der Mann im Monde (1825). The latter, a parody of the sentimental and sensual novels of H. Clauren (pseudonym of Karl Gottlieb Samuel Heun, 1771-1854), became, in course of composition, a close imitation of that author's style and was actually published under his name. Clauren, in consequence, brought an action for damages against Hauff and gained his case. Whereupon Hauff followed up the attack in his witty and sarcastic Kontroverspredigt über H. Clauren und den Mann im Monde (1826) and attained his original object -- the moral annihilation of the mawkish and unhealthy literature with which Clauren was flooding the country. Meanwhile, animated by Sir Walter Scott's novels, Hauff wrote the historical romance Lichtenstein (1826), which acquired great popularity in Germany and especially in Swabia, treating as it did the most interesting period in the history of that country, the reign of Duke Ulrich (1487-1550). While on a journey to France, the Netherlands and north Germany he wrote the second part of the Memoiren des Satan and some short novels, among them the charming Bettlerin vom Pont des Arts and his masterpiece the Phantasien im Bremer Ratskeller (1827). He also published some short poems which have passed into Volkslieder, among them Morgenrot, Morgenrot, leuchtest mir zum frühen Tod; and Steh' ich in finstrer Mitternacht. In January 1827, Hauff undertook the editorship of the Stuttgart Morgenblatt and in the following month married, but his happiness was prematurely cut short by his death from fever on the 8th of November 1827.

Considering his brief life, Hauff was an extraordinarily prolific writer. The freshness and originality of his talent, his inventiveness, and his genial humor have won him a high place among the south German prose writers of the early nineteenth century. His Sämtliche Werke were published, with a biography, by C. Schwab (3 vols., 1830-34; 5 vols., 18th ed., 1882).

Father: August Friedrich Hauff (d. 2-Feb-1809)
Mother: Hedwig Wilhelmine Elsaesser Hauff
Brother: Hermann (b. 1808)
Sister: Marie (b. 1805)
Sister: Sophie (b. 1807)
Wife: Luise Hauff (m. Feb-1827)
Son: (b. 10-Nov-1827)

    Theological: University of Tübingen (1820-24)

Author of books:
Der Mann im Mond (1825)
Controvspredigt über H. Clauren und dem Mann in Mond (1826)
Märchenalmanach auf das Jahr 1826 (1826)
Lichtenstein (1826)
Die Bettlerin von Pont des Arts (1826)
Mittheilungen aus den Memoiren des Satan (1826)
Phantasien im Bremer Ratskeller (1827)

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