|Pope Gregory XV|
AKA Alessandro Ludovisi
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Location of death: Rome, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1621-23
Gregory XV, born Alessandro Ludovisi, was born on the 9th of January 1554 in Bologna, where he also studied and taught. He was made archbishop of his native place and cardinal by Pope Paul V, whom he succeeded as pope on the 9th of February 1621. Despite his age and feebleness, Gregory displayed remarkable energy. He aided the emperor in the Thirty Years' War, and the King of Poland against the Turks. He endorsed the claims of Maximilian of Bavaria to the electoral dignity, and was rewarded with the gift of the Heidelberg library, which was carried off to Rome. Gregory founded the Congregation of the Propaganda, encouraged missions, fixed the order to be observed in conclaves, and canonized St. Ignatius of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Philip Neri and Theresa de Jesus. He died on the 8th of July 1623, and was succeeded by Urban VIII.
Roman Catholic Pope 9-Feb-1621 to 8-Jul-1623
Roman Catholic Archbishop Bologna
Roman Catholic Cardinal
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