|Pope Gregory XIV|
AKA Nicoló Sfondrato
Birthplace: Cremona, Italy
Location of death: Rome, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1590-91
Gregory XIV, born Nicoló Sfondrato, Roman Catholic Pope 1590-91, was born in Cremona, on the 11th of February 1535, studied in Perugia, and Padua, became bishop of his native place in 1560, and took part in the Council of Trent, 1562-63. Pope Gregory XIII made him a cardinal, 1583, but ill-health forbade his active participation in affairs. His election to the papacy, to succeed Urban VII, on the 5th of December 1590, was due to Spanish influence. Gregory was upright and devout, but utterly ignorant of politics. During his short pontificate the States of the Church suffered dire calamities, famine, epidemic and a fresh outbreak of brigandage. Gregory was completely subservient to Philip II; he aided the league, excommunicated Henry of Navarre, and threatened his adherents with the ban; but the effect of his intervention was only to rally the moderate Catholics to the support of Henry, and to hasten his conversion. Gregory died on the 15th of October 1591, and was succeeded by Pope Innocent IX.
Roman Catholic Pope 5-Dec-1590 to 15-Oct-1591
Roman Catholic Cardinal 1583
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