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Guillaume Apollinaire

Guillaume ApollinaireAKA Wilhelm Albert Vladimir Appollinaris Kostrowitzky

Born: 26-Aug-1880
Birthplace: Rome, Italy?
Died: 9-Nov-1918
Location of death: Paris, France
Cause of death: Influenza
Remains: Buried, Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Poet

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Alcools, Calligrammes

Military service: French Army (Infantry, 2nd Lieutenant, WWI 1914-16)

Believed to have coined the term "surrealism" in describing the 1917 ballet Parade, composed by Erik Satie and scripted by Jean Cocteau, which debuted with sets and costumes designed by Pablo Picasso.

Mother: Angelica Kostrowitzky ("Olga")
Brother: Eugenio Alberto Giovanni (half brother, b. 18-Jun-1882)
Girlfriend: Marie Laurencin (1907-12)
Engagement: Madeleine Pagès
Wife: Amélia Louise Emma Kolb ("Jacqueline" or "Ruby", m. 2-May-1918)

    High School: Nice, France

    Expelled from School Cannes, France
    Naturalized French Citizen 9-Mar-1916
    Shrapnel Injury head wound, right temple (17-Mar-1916)
    Surgery trepanation, Val-de-Grâce military hospital, Paris, France (9-May-1916)
    Croix de Guerre 17-May-1916
    Polish Ancestry Maternal
    Italian Ancestry Paternal (probably)

Author of books:
Les Onze Mille Verges (1907, pornography, trans. The Eleven Thousand Rods)
L'Enchanteur pourrissant (1909, poems)
L'Hérésiarque et Cie (1910, stories)
Le Bestiaire (1911, poems)
Alcools (1913, poems)
Le Poète assassiné (1916, novel)
Calligrammes (1918, poems)

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