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Konrad Bloch

Konrad BlochAKA Konrad Emil Bloch

Born: 21-Jan-1912
Birthplace: Neisse, Germany
Died: 15-Oct-2000
Location of death: Burlington, MA
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism

Konrad Bloch won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1964, shared with Feodor Lynen, for discoveries involving the mechanics and regulation of cholesterol and fatty acids. He also developed a method for using radioisotopes (radioactive atoms) to trace the path of molecules in cells and living organisms, and later studied each of the 27 carbon atoms in the cholesterol molecule. Bloch's research showed that all natural steroid-related substances in humans are derived from cholesterol, and established many of the steps involved in converting acetate into cholesterol. Later in his career, he studied the metabolism of olefinic fatty acids, and investigated glutathione, a substance used in protein metabolism.

Bloch was German and Jewish, and fled Nazi Germany in 1934, shortly after Adolf Hitler took power. He first found refuge in Switzerland, where he worked a tuberculosis sanitarium, then settled in America, where he became a citizen and conducted most of his important research.

Father: Frederich D. Bloch ("Fritz")
Mother: Hedwig Striemer Bloch
Brother: Hans Werner Bloch
Sister: Marianne Bloch Hörig
Wife: Lore Teutsch Bloch (m. 1941)
Son: Peter Bloch
Daughter: Susan Bloch

    High School: Neisse Gymnasium, Neisse, Germany (1930)
    University: BA Chemical Engineering, Munich Technical University (1934)
    Scholar: Biochemistry, Swiss Institute for Allergy and Asthma Research, Davos (1934-36)
    University: PhD Biochemistry, Columbia University (1938)
    Scholar: Biochemistry, Columbia University (1938-46)
    Teacher: Biochemistry, University of Chicago (1946-50)
    Professor: Biochemistry, University of Chicago (1946-50)
    Scholar: University of Zurich (1953-54)
    Professor: Biochemistry, Harvard University (1954-82)

    Guggenheim Fellowship 1953
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1964 (with Feodor Lynen)
    National Medal of Science 1988
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Chemical Society
    American Philosophical Society
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology President (1967)
    National Academy of Sciences
    Royal Society 1985
    Naturalized US Citizen 1944
    German Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry

Author of books:
Membranes, Molecules, Toxins, and Cells (1981, with Liana Bolis and Daniel C. Tosteson)
Blondes in Venetian Paintings, the Nine-Banded Armadillo, and Other Essays in Biochemistry (1990)

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