|Manuel II Palaeologus|
Cause of death: unspecified
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Executive summary: Byzantine Emperor, 1391-1425
Byzantine emperor from 1391 to 1425, born in 1350. At the time of his father's death he was a hostage at the court of Bayezid at Brusa, but succeeded in making his escape; he was forthwith besieged in Constantinople by the sultan, whose victory over the Christians at Nicopolis, however (September 28, 1396), did not secure for him the capital. Manuel subsequently set out in person to seek help from the West, and for this purpose visited Italy, France, Germany and England, but without material success; the victory of Timur in 1402, and the death of Bayezid in the following year were the first events to give him a genuine respite from Ottoman oppression. He stood on friendly terms with Mahommed I, but was again besieged in his capital by Murad II in 1422. Shortly before his death he was forced to sign an agreement whereby the Byzantine empire undertook to pay tribute to the sultan. Manuel was the author of numerous works of varied character -- theological, rhetorical, poetical and letters.
Father: John V Palaeologus
Mother: Helena Kantakouzene
Brother: Andronicus IV
Wife: Helena Dragas
Son: Michael (d. 1406)
Byzantine Emperor 1391 to 1425
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