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Frederick Reines

Frederick ReinesBorn: 16-Mar-1918
Birthplace: Paterson, NJ
Died: 26-Aug-1998
Location of death: Orange, CA
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Co-Discover of the neutrino

American physicist Frederick Reines discovered the neutrino in 1956, collaborating with Clyde Cowan at the Savannah River atomic plant in South Carolina. The existence of the neutrino, an electrically neutral elementary particle having negligible mass moving at nearly the speed of light and interacting very weakly with matter, had been predicted by Wolfgang Pauli in 1930, but until Cowan and Reines' discovery scientists had generally believed that these particles were so infinitesimally small that their existence could not be conclusively proven. Reines shared the 1995 Nobel Prize with the discoverer of the tau lepton, Martin L. Perl.

Father: Israel Reines (store proprietor)
Mother: Gussie Cohen
Wife: Sylvia Samuels (m. 1940, one son, one daughter)
Son: Robert G. Reines
Daughter: Alisa K. Cowden

    High School: Union Hill High School, Union City, NJ (1935)
    University: ME Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology (1939)
    University: MS Physics, Stevens Institute of Technology (1941)
    University: PhD Theoretical Physics, New York University (1944)
    Professor: Physics, Case Institute of Technology (1959-65)
    Professor: Physics, University of California at Irvine (1965-87)
    Administrator: Dean of Physical Sciences, University of California at Irvine (1965-74)
    Professor: Radiological Science, University of California at Irvine (1970-91)
    Professor: Distinguished Professor of Physics, University of California at Irvine (1987-88)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory Physicist (1944-59)
    Eagle Scout
    Guggenheim Fellowship 1958-59
    J. Robert Oppenheimer Prize 1981
    National Medal of Science 1983
    AAS Bruno Rossi Prize 1989
    APS W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics 1992
    Benjamin Franklin Medal 1992 (by the Franklin Institute)
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1995 (with Martin L. Perl)
    American Physical Society 1957
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1966
    American Association for the Advancement of Science 1979
    Boy Scouts of America
    Cleveland Orchestra Chorus (1959-65)
    Institute for Defense Analyses (1965-69)
    NASA Electrophysics Advisory Committee (1963-64)
    National Academy of Sciences 1980
    Phi Beta Kappa Society 1969
    RAND Corporation
    Russian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1994
    Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society 1944
    Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship (1959-63)
    Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honor Society
    US Atomic Energy Commission Operation Greenhouse
    Manhattan Project (1944-45)
    Jewish Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry

Author of books:
Neutrinos and Other Matters (1991, selected physics papers)

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