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Gideon Mantell

Gideon MantellAKA Gideon Algernon Mantell

Born: 3-Feb-1790
Birthplace: Lewes, Sussex, England
Died: 10-Nov-1852
Location of death: London, England
Cause of death: Accident - Overdose

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Geologist, Paleontologist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: English paleontologist and geologist

English geologist and paleontologist, born in 1790 at Lewes, Sussex. Educated for the medical profession, he first practiced in his native town, afterwards in 1835 in Brighton, and finally at Clapham, near London. He found time to prosecute researches on the paleontology of the Secondary rocks, particularly in Sussex -- a region which he made classical in the history of discovery. While he was still a country doctor at Lewes his eminence as a geological investigator was fully recognized on the publication of his work on The Fossils of the South Downs (1822). His most remarkable discoveries were made in the Wealden formations. He demonstrated the freshwater origin of the strata, and from them he brought to light and described the remarkable Dinosaurian reptiles known as Iguanodon, Hylaeosaurus, Pelorosaurus and Regnosaurus. For these researches he was awarded the Wollaston medal by the Geological Society and a Royal medal by the Royal Society. He was elected F.R.S. in 1825. Among his other contributions to the literature of paleontology was his description of the Triassic reptile Telerpeton elginense. Towards the end of his life, Mantell retired to London, where he died on the 10th of November 1852.

In addition to the works above mentioned Mantell was author of Illustrations of the Geology of Sussex (1827); Geology of the South-east of England (1833); The Wonders of Geology (2 vols., 1838); Geological Excursions round the Isle of Wight, and along the Adjacent Coast of Dorsetshire (1847); Petrifactions and their Teachings (1851); The Medals of Creation (2 vols., 1854).

Son: Walter Baldock Durrant Mantell (b. 1820, d. 1895)

    Wollaston Medal 1835
    Royal Medal 1849
    Royal Society 1825
    Drug Overdose opium (1852)
    Coma (1852)
    Risk Factors: Opium

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