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Jack Steinberger

Jack SteinbergerAKA Hans Jakob Steinberger

Born: 25-May-1921
Birthplace: Bad Kissingen, Germany
Died: 12-Dec-2020
Location of death: Geneva, Switzerland
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Researcher of neutrinos

Military service: US Army (MIT Radiation Laboratory, 1941-45)

American physicist Jack Steinberger was born in Germany, and fled that nation's Nazi regime with his family. He studied under Enrico Fermi and Edward Teller at the University of Chicago, and briefly worked at the University of California at Berkeley, leaving in 1950 when he refused to sign the required oath of anti-communism. Relocating to Columbia, he worked in that university's Nevis Laboratory, where he helped Melvin Schwartz develop the neutrino beam method, using high-energy neutrinos to study the weak interaction of the four fundamental forces of nature and specifically the neutrino (a subatomic particle that has no electric charge and virtually no mass). In the early 1960s his work confirmed the existence of a previously unknown second type of neutrinos, the muon neutrino. Since 1968 he has worked at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), and in 1988 he won the Nobel Prize for Physics.

Father: Ludwig Steinberger (religious instructor, b. circa 1876)
Mother: Berta Steinberger (b. circa 1891)
Brother: Herbert
Son: Joan Beauregard (two sons)
Son: Joseph Ludwig
Son: Richard Ned
Wife: Cynthia Alff (biologist, one daughter, one son)
Daughter: Julia
Son: John

    High School: New Trier High School, Winnetka, IL (1938)
    University: Illinois Institute of Technology (attended, 1938-41)
    University: BS, University of Chicago (1942)
    University: PhD, University of Chicago (1948)
    Scholar: Radiation Lab, University of California at Berkeley (1949-50)
    Professor: Columbia University (1950-68)
    Professor: Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (1986-)

    National Medal of Science 1988
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1988 (with Leon M. Lederman and Melvin Schwartz)
    Matteucci Medal 1990
    CERN Physics Research (1968-)
    Searle Pharmaceuticals Dishwasher in Chemistry Lab (1941-42)
    Accademia dei Lincei
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    Dean for America
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    Institute for Advanced Study Fellowship, 1948-49
    National Academy of Sciences
    Weizmann Institute Board of Directors
    Bavarian Ancestry
    German Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry
    Naturalized US Citizen

Author of books:
Learning about Particles: 50 Privileged Years (2005)

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