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J. Hughlings Jackson

AKA John Hughlings Jackson

Born: 4-Apr-1835
Birthplace: Providence Green, England
Died: 7-Oct-1911
Location of death: London, England
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Highgate Cemetery West, London, England

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Doctor, Scientist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Father of British neurology

Physician J. Hughlings Jackson studied seizures, nervous-system disorders, and speech defects cause by brain disorders. He was a leading proponent of the idea that convulsions are a symptom, not a disease, and he co-founded the neurological journal Brain. Based on observation and autopsy, without animal experiments or even a microscope, he correctly determined that different bodily functions are controlled by specific regions of the cerebral cortex, and that some forms of epilepsy are caused by localized cortical disorders in the cerebrum. He was also among the first physicians to describe the relationship between ocular and cerebral disease.

Jackson's own wife died of an epileptic condition which he had studied and which came to be called Jacksonian epilepsy. After his wife's death Dr Jackson became a near-total recluse, rarely leaving his home except to continue his medical research. His brother, William Jackson, was an early settler in New Zealand, active in the Waikato wars and later a member of the New Zealand's parliament.

Father: Samuel Jackson (farmer)
Mother: Sarah Hughlings (b. 1807, m. 24-Mar-1828, d. 1836)
Brother: William Jackson (New Zealand settler, b. 1832, d. 1889)
Wife: Elizabeth Dade Jackson (first cousin, dated 1854-65, m. 1865, d. 1876 Jacksonian epilepsy)

    High School: Longfield School, Halifax, England (1852)
    Medical School: BS equiv., St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Medical School (1856)
    Medical School: MD, St, Andrew's College (1860)
    Teacher: Physiology, London Hospital Medical School (1863-74)
    Professor: Physiology, London Hospital Medical School (1874-94)

    Brain Co-Founder & Editor (1878)
    National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic (1862-1906)
    National Society for Epilepsy Co-Founder (1892)
    Neurological Society of London Co-Founder and President (1885)
    Royal Society 1878
    Royal College of Physicians 1868
    English Ancestry Paternal
    Welsh Ancestry Maternal

Author of books:
Neurological Fragments of J. Hughlings Jackson (1925, collected research, posthumous)
Selected Writings of John Hughlings Jackson (1931, two volumes)

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