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Julian Huxley

Julian HuxleyAKA Julian Sorell Huxley

Born: 22-Jun-1887
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 14-Feb-1975
Location of death: London, England
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Cremated, Golders Green Crematorium, London, UK

Gender: Male
Religion: Agnostic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Biologist, Author

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Evolutionary biologist

Military service: British Army (WWI)

British biologist and philosopher Julian Huxley studied hormones, ornithology, and ethology, and conducted respected research into the physiology and ecology of numerous species, which helped advance the scientific acceptance of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. He is known for his explanations of advanced science to the lay audience, including The Science of Life, one of the bestselling books on popular science in the early 20th century, which he co-authored with H. G. Wells. Huxley's work introduced the scientific terms clade, cline, and ethology.

He also wrote extensively on the application of science to address social problems, and authored a book refuting Adolf Hitler's ideas on racial superiority, pointing out that most scientific evidence suggests that environment and cultural surroundings play a much larger role in human development than heredity. He was the first Director-General of the United Nations Educational and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).

His grandfather was zoologist Thomas Henry Huxley, his brother was novelist Aldous Huxley, and his half-brother was physiologist Andrew F. Huxley. His first wife was a niece of the poet Matthew Arnold.

Father: Leonard Huxley (biographer, b. 11-Dec-1860, d. 2-May-1933)
Mother: Julia Frances Arnold Huxley (b. 1862, m. circa 1885, d. 1908 cancer)
Brother: Noel Trevenen Huxley (b. 1889, d. Aug-1914 suicide)
Brother: Aldous Huxley (author, b. 26-Jul-1894, d. 22-Nov-1963)
Sister: Margaret Huxley (b. 1899, d. 1908)
Mother: Rosalind Bruce Huxley (stepmother, b. 1890, d. 1994)
Brother: David Bruce Huxley (half-brother, financier, b. 1915, d. 2001)
Brother: Andrew F. Huxley (half-brother, physiologist, b. 22-Nov-1917)
Wife: Marie Juliette Baillot (b. 1896, m. 1919, d. 1994, two sons)
Son: Anthony Julian Huxley (botanist, b. 1920, d. 1992)
Son: Francis Huxley (anthropologist, b. 1923)

    High School: Eton College (1905)
    University: BS Zoology, Balliol College, Oxford University (1909)
    Scholar: Sponge research, Naples Zoological Station (1909-10)
    Lecturer: Biology, Rice University (1910-16)
    Lecturer: Sr. Lecturer in Zoology, New College, Oxford University (1919-25)
    Professor: Zoology, King's College London (1925-27)

    UN Official Director-General of UNESCO (1946-48)
    Darwin Medal 1956
    Knight of the British Empire 1958
    Humanist of the Year 1962
    British Humanist Association President
    London Zoo
    Royal Society
    World Wildlife Fund

Author of books:
The Individual in the Animal Kingdom (1912)
Essays of a Biologist (1923)
Animal Biology (1927, with J. B. S. Haldane)
Religion Without Revelation (1927)
The Science of Life (1931, with H. G. Wells)
Principles of Experimental Embryology (1934, with Gavin de Beer)
Problems of Relative Growth (1932)
Scientific Research and Social Needs (1934)
We Europeans (1936, with A. C. Haddon)
The Living Thoughts of Darwin (1939)
The New Systematics (1940)
Evolution: The Modern Synthesis (1942)
Evolutionary Ethics (1943)
Touchstone for Ethics (1947)
Man in the Modern World (1947)
Heredity, East and West (1949)
Biological Aspects of Cancer (1957)
Towards a New Humanism (1957)
New Bottles for New Wine (1958)
The Humanist Frame (1962)
Essays of a Humanist (1964)
From an Antique Land (1966)
The Courtship Habits of the Great Grebe (1968)
Memories (1971-74, memoir, 2 vols.)

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