|Pope Honorius III|
AKA Cencio Savelli
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Location of death: Rome, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, Italy
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1216-27
Honorius III, given name Cencio Savelli, Roman Catholic Pope from the 18th of July 1216 to the 18th of March 1227, a highly-educated and pious Roman, successively canon of Sta. Maria Maggiore, cardinal-deacon of Sta. Lucia in Silice, vice-chancellor, chamberlain and cardinal-priest of Sti. Giovanni e Paolo, was the successor of Pope Innocent III. He made peace with Frederick II, in accordance with which the emperor was crowned with his wife Constance in St. Peter's on the 22nd of November 1220, and swore to accord full liberty to the church and to undertake a crusade. Honorius was eager to carry out the decrees of the Lateran Council of 1215 against the Albigenses and to further the crusade proclaimed by his predecessor. He crowned Peter of Courtenay emperor of Byzantium in April 1217; espoused the cause of the young Henry III of England against the barons; accepted the Isle of Man as a perpetual fief; arbitrated differences between Philippe II of France and James of Aragon; and made special ecclesiastical regulations for the Scandinavian countries. He sanctioned the Dominican order (22nd of November 1216), making St. Dominic papal major-domo in 1218; approved the Franciscan order by bull of the 29th of November 1223; and authorized many of the tertiary orders. He maintained, on the whole, a tranquil rule at Rome; but Frederick II's refusal to interrupt his reforms in Sicily in order to go on the crusade gave the pope much trouble. Honorius died in 1227, before the emperor had fulfilled his oath, and was succeeded by Pope Gregory IX.
Honorius III left many writings which have been collected and published by Abbé Horoy in the Medii aevi bibliotheca patristica, volumes I-II (Paris, 1879-83). Among them are five books of decretals, compiled about 1226; a continuation of the Liber Pontificalis; a life of Pope Gregory VII; a coronation form; and a large number of sermons. His most important work is the Liber censuum Romanae ecclesiae, written in 1192 and containing a record of the income of the Roman Church and of its relations with secular authorities.
Roman Catholic Pope 18-Jul-1216 to 18-Mar-1227
Roman Catholic Cardinal
Declared Holy War against the Prussians (1217)
Religious Mission: Papal Crusade
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