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Robert Mills

Born: 12-Aug-1781
Birthplace: Charleston, SC
Died: 3-Mar-1855
Location of death: Washington, DC
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Congressional Cemetery, Washington, DC

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Architect

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Washington Monument

Architect Robert Mills drew the original plans for the Washington Monument in America's District of Columbia, winning an open competition in 1836. His design, however, was substantially altered before construction, and the enormous obelisk was not completed until decades after his death. As a young man Mills apprenticed under James Hoban, and helped build the White House. He was befriended by Thomas Jefferson, and early in his career he was employed by famed architect Benjamin Latrobe. Mills' other famous structures include a completely different Washington Monument in Baltimore, Philadelphia's Sansom Street Church (the first US church with a domed roof), the State Hospital for the Insane in Columbia, SC, and, in DC, the International Trade Commission, the Patent Office, and the Treasury Building.

Father: William Mills
Mother: Ann Taylor Mills
Brother: Andrew Mills
Brother: Henry Mills
Brother: Thomas Mills
Wife: Eliza Barnwell Smith Mills (b. 10-Feb-1784, m. 15-Oct-1808, d. 1865, four daughters, one adopted son)
Son: James Mills (adopted, b. James Finegan, physician)
Daughter: Mary Powell Mills Dimitry

    University: College of Charleston

    US Official Architect of Public Buildings (1836-51)
    South Carolina State Official Superintendent of Public Buildings:(1923-36)
    South Carolina State Official Commissioner of Public Works:(1920-23)
    Bankruptcy 1819
    Freemasonry

Author of books:
Treatise on Inland Navigation (1820)
Internal Improvement of South Carolina (1822)
The Atlas of the State of South Carolina (1825)
Statistics of South Carolina (1826)
The American Pharos, or Lighthouse Guide (1832)
A Guide to the Capitol of the United States (1834)


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