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Otto Loewi

Otto LoewiBorn: 3-Jun-1873
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: 25-Dec-1961
Location of death: New York, NY
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Church of the Messiah, Woods Hole, MA

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Acetylcholine as a neurotransmitter

After years of study and research, German-American pharmacologist and physiologist Otto Loewi identified adrenaline as a nervous system transmitters, and noradrenaline as the most important neurotransmitter. For this he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1936, an honor shared with the British scientist Henry Dale.

Two years later, as Austria was invaded by Nazi Germany, Loewi was immediately jailed for the crime of Jewishness. He and his wife lost all their worldly possessions, but using his Nobel cash award they were able to bribe their way out of the country. They emigrated to London, then took refuge in Belgium, before fleeing to the United States, where Loewi became a professor at New York University, and an American citizen.

Father: Jacob Loewi (wine merchant)
Mother: Anna Willstätter Loewi
Wife: Gulda Goldschmiedt Loewi (four children)
Son: Hans Loewi (attorney, b. 1909, d. 2004)
Son: Victor Loewi (b. 1913, d. 1993)
Son: Guido Loewi (b. 1915)
Daughter: Anna Loewi-Weiss

    High School: Städtisches Gymnasium, Frankfurt, Germany
    Medical School: MD, University of Strasbourg (1896)
    University: University of Munich (1893-94)
    Teacher: Pharmacology, University of Marburg
    Scholar: University College London (1902)
    Teacher: Pharmacology, University of Vienna (1904-09)
    Professor: Pharmacology, University of Graz (1909-38)
    Professor: Pharmacology, University of Brussels (1939)
    Scholar: University of Leeds (1940)
    Professor: Pharmacology, New York University (1940-55)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1936, with Sir Henry Dale
    Naturalized US Citizen 1946
    Royal Society Fellow, 1954


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