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French Academy

ORGANIZATION

Académie française, founded 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu "to protect and monitor the French Language".

Official Website:
http://www.academie-francaise.fr/

Founding Date:
1635

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Maurice Barrès
Novelist
19-Aug-1862 4-Dec-1923 Cult of the Self
Charles Batteux
Philosopher
6-May-1713 14-Jul-1780 Les Beaux-Arts réduits
Maurice Béjart
Choreographer
1-Jan-1927 22-Nov-2007 Innovative ballet choreographer
Henri Bergson
Philosopher
18-Oct-1859 4-Jan-1941 L'Évolution Créatrice
Claude Bernard
Doctor
12-Jul-1813 10-Feb-1878 French physiologist
Marcellin Berthelot
Chemist
27-Oct-1827 18-Mar-1907 Chimie organique fondée sur la synthèse
Jean-Baptiste Biot
Physicist
21-Apr-1774 3-Feb-1862 Biot-Savart Law
Nicolas Boileau
Poet
1-Nov-1636 13-Mar-1711 Satires du Sieur D...
Jacques Bossuet
Religion
25-Sep-1627 12-Apr-1704 Discours sur l'Histoire Universelle
Louis de Broglie
Physicist
15-Aug-1892 19-Mar-1987 Discovered the wave nature of electrons
Maurice de Broglie
Physicist
27-Apr-1875 14-Jul-1960 X-ray spectroscopy
Jean de La Bruyère
Author
16-Aug-1645 10-May-1696 Les Caractères de Théophraste
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
Naturalist
7-Sep-1707 16-Apr-1788 Histoire Naturelle
François-René de Chateaubriand
Author
4-Sep-1768 4-Jul-1848 Génie du christianisme
Georges Clemenceau
Politician
28-Sep-1841 24-Nov-1929 French Prime Minister, 1917-20
Jean Cocteau
Poet
5-Jul-1889 11-Oct-1963 La Belle et la Bête
Pierre Corneille
Playwright
6-Jun-1606 1-Oct-1684 Le Cid
Jacques Cousteau
Activist
11-Jun-1910 25-Jun-1997 Oceanographer, environmentalist
Georges Cuvier
Zoologist
23-Aug-1769 13-May-1832 Comparative anatomist, paleontologist
Jean le Rond d'Alembert
Mathematician
17-Nov-1717 29-Oct-1783 Early work in partial differential equations
André Dacier
Scholar
6-Apr-1651 18-Sep-1722 French classical scholar
Assia Djebar
Author
4-Aug-1936   So Vast the Prison
Jean-Baptiste-André Dumas
Chemist
14-Jul-1800 10-Apr-1884 Pioneer of organic chemistry
Alexandre Dumas fils
Playwright
27-Jul-1824 27-Nov-1895 La dame aux camélias
Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle
Author
11-Feb-1657 9-Jan-1757 Nouveaux Dialogues des Morts
Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier
Mathematician
21-Mar-1768 16-May-1830 Fourier series
Anatole France
Novelist
16-Apr-1844 13-Oct-1924 French novelist
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Head of State
2-Feb-1926   President of France, 1974-81
Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset
Poet
29-Aug-1709 16-Jun-1777 Vert Vert
François Guizot
Head of State
4-Oct-1787 12-Oct-1874 Prime Minister of France, 1847-48
Ludovic Halévy
Author
1-Jan-1834 8-May-1908 French vaudevillain author
José María de Heredia
Poet
22-Nov-1842 2-Oct-1905 Les Trophées
Pierre-Daniel Huet
Religion
8-Feb-1630 26-Jan-1721 Bishop of Avranches
Victor Hugo
Author
26-Feb-1802 23-May-1885 Les Miserables
Eugène Ionesco
Playwright
26-Nov-1912 28-Mar-1994 The Bald Soprano
Jean de la Fontaine
Poet
8-Jul-1621 13-Apr-1695 Fables and Contes
Alphonse de Lamartine
Poet
21-Oct-1790 28-Feb-1869 Bland French poet, failed politician
Pierre-Simon Laplace
Mathematician
23-Mar-1749 5-Mar-1827 Traité du Mécanique Céleste
Claude Lévi-Strauss
Anthropologist
28-Nov-1908 1-Nov-2009 French anthropologist
Jean-Marie Lustiger
Religion
17-Sep-1926 5-Aug-2007 Archbishop of Paris, 1981-2005
Jean-Luc Marion
Philosopher
3-Jul-1946   Phenomenologist, God Without Being
Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis
Astronomer
28-Sep-1698 27-Jul-1759 Sur la figure de la terre
François Mauriac
Novelist
11-Oct-1885 1-Sep-1970 Le Noeud de Vipères
André Maurois
Author
26-Jul-1885 9-Oct-1967 French biographer
Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu
Philosopher
18-Jan-1689 10-Feb-1755 De l'Esprit des Lois
Alfred de Musset
Poet
11-Dec-1810 2-May-1857 Les Caprices de Marianne
Marcel Pagnol
Screenwriter
28-Feb-1895 18-Apr-1974 Jean de Florette
Étienne-Denis Pasquier
Politician
21-Apr-1767 5-Jul-1862 Last Chancellor of France
Louis Pasteur
Chemist
27-Dec-1822 28-Sep-1895 Discovered process of pasteurization
Charles Perrault
Author
12-Jan-1628 16-May-1703 Tales of Mother Goose
Philippe Pétain
Head of State
24-Apr-1856 23-Jul-1951 Leader of Vichy France
Henri Poincaré
Mathematician
29-Apr-1854 17-Jul-1912 Poincaré Conjecture
Jean Racine
Playwright
20-Dec-1639 21-Apr-1699 Phèdre
Alain Robbe-Grillet
Novelist
18-Aug-1922 18-Feb-2008 Proponent of the nouveau roman
Léopold Senghor
Head of State
9-Oct-1906 20-Dec-2001 President of Senegal, 1960-80
Hippolyte Taine
Historian
21-Apr-1828 5-Mar-1893 Origines de la France Contemporaine
Adolphe Thiers
Head of State
18-Apr-1797 3-Sep-1877 First President of the Third Republic
Alexis de Tocqueville
Historian
29-Jul-1805 16-Apr-1859 Democracy in America
Alfred de Vigny
Poet
27-Mar-1797 17-Sep-1863 Chatterton
Voltaire
Author
21-Nov-1694 30-May-1778 Candide
Marguerite Yourcenar
Novelist
8-Jun-1903 17-Dec-1987 Mémoires d'Hadrien


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