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Federation of American Scientists

ORGANIZATION

Founded 1945, originally named the Federation of Atomic Scientists.

Official Website:
http://www.fas.org/

Location:
Washington, DC

Founding Date:
1945

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Peter Agre
Biologist
30-Jan-1949   Water channels of cell membranes
Sidney Altman
Chemist
7-May-1939   Proved enzyme role of RNA
Philip W. Anderson
Physicist
13-Dec-1923   Solid state physics
Kenneth J. Arrow
Economist
23-Aug-1921   Social Choice and Individual Values
David Baltimore
Biologist
7-Mar-1938   Co-Discoverer, reverse transcriptase
Baruj Benacerraf
Scientist
29-Oct-1920 2-Aug-2011 Gene control of HLA antigens
Paul Berg
Chemist
30-Jun-1926   Pioneer in recombinant DNA
Hans Bethe
Physicist
2-Jul-1906 6-Mar-2005 Atomic scientist
J. Michael Bishop
Scientist
22-Feb-1936   Genetic causes of cancer
Günter Blobel
Scientist
21-May-1936   Protein signaling in cells
Nicolaas Bloembergen
Physicist
11-Mar-1920   Nonlinear optics
Norman Borlaug
Scientist
25-Mar-1914 12-Sep-2009 Engineered disease-resistant wheat
Paul D. Boyer
Chemist
31-Jul-1918   ATP process
Owen Chamberlain
Physicist
10-Jul-1920 28-Feb-2006 Co-Discoverer of the antiproton
Leon N. Cooper
Physicist
28-Feb-1930   BCS Theory of Superconductivity
Elias James Corey
Chemist
12-Jul-1928   Retrosynthetic analysis
James W. Cronin
Physicist
29-Sep-1931   Time not necessarily reversible
Johann Deisenhofer
Chemist
30-Sep-1943   Proteins of photosynthesis
Ann Druyan
Author
13-Jun-1949   Co-wrote Cosmos with husband Carl Sagan
Renato Dulbecco
Scientist
22-Feb-1914 20-Feb-2012 Tumor viruses and host genetics
Esther Dyson
Business
14-Jul-1951   EDventure Holdings, former ICANN director
Paul R. Ehrlich
Scientist
29-May-1932   The Population Bomb
Richard Feynman
Physicist
11-May-1918 15-Feb-1988 Surely he's joking
Val Fitch
Physicist
10-Mar-1923   Time not necessarily reversible
Jerome I. Friedman
Physicist
28-Mar-1930   Verified existence of quarks
Robert F. Furchgott
Scientist
4-Jun-1916 19-May-2009 Nitric oxide as a cardiovascular signal
Riccardo Giacconi
Astronomer
6-Oct-1931   Discovered cosmic X-ray sources
S. Malcolm Gillis
Educator
28-Dec-1940   President of Rice University, 1993-2004
Alfred G. Gilman
Scientist
1-Jul-1941   G-protein cell signal transmission
Donald A. Glaser
Physicist
21-Sep-1926   Inventor of the bubble chamber
Sheldon Glashow
Physicist
5-Dec-1932   Electroweak Theory
Joseph L. Goldstein
Scientist
18-Apr-1940   Hypercholesterolemia and cell metabolism
Leland H. Hartwell
Scientist
30-Oct-1939   Regulators of cell cycle
Herbert A. Hauptman
Mathematician
14-Feb-1917 23-Oct-2011 X-ray diffraction studies
Dudley R. Herschbach
Chemist
18-Jun-1932   Crossed molecular beam experiments
William A. Higinbotham
Physicist
25-Oct-1910 10-Nov-1994 Physicist, Tennis for Two
Roald Hoffmann
Chemist
18-Jul-1937   Woodward-Hoffmann reaction
H. Robert Horvitz
Scientist
8-May-1947   Genetic regulation of organ development
David H. Hubel
Scientist
27-Feb-1926   Neurophysiology of vision
Eric R. Kandel
Scientist
7-Nov-1929   Signal transduction in the nervous system
Jerome Karle
Chemist
18-Jun-1918   X-Ray diffraction studies
Wolfgang Ketterle
Physicist
21-Oct-1957   Bose-Einstein condensates
H. Gobind Khorana
Scientist
9-Jan-1922 9-Nov-2011 RNA's role in protein synthesis
Arthur Kornberg
Scientist
3-Mar-1918 26-Oct-2007 Synthesized DNA
Roger D. Kornberg
Scientist
24-Apr-1947   Molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription
Edwin G. Krebs
Scientist
6-Jun-1918 21-Dec-2009 Protein phosphorylation
Willis Lamb
Physicist
12-Jul-1913 15-May-2008 Detailed the hydrogen spectrum
Leon M. Lederman
Physicist
15-Jul-1922   Researcher of neutrinos
William Lipscomb
Chemist
9-Dec-1919 14-Apr-2011 Chemical bonding
Roderick MacKinnon
Biologist
19-Feb-1956   Ion channels of cell membranes
Jessica Tuchman Mathews
Government
1946   Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Mario J. Molina
Chemist
19-Mar-1943   Ozone depletion
Ferid Murad
Scientist
14-Sep-1936   Nitric oxide as a cardiovascular signal
Joseph E. Murray
Doctor
1-Apr-1919   Kidney transplants
Marshall W. Nirenberg
Scientist
10-Apr-1927 15-Jan-2010 RNA's role in protein synthesis
Douglas D. Osheroff
Physicist
1-Aug-1945   Superfluidity of helium-3
Arno Penzias
Astronomer
26-Apr-1933   Detected primordial radiation
Martin L. Perl
Physicist
24-Jun-1927   Discovered the tau lepton
Norman F. Ramsey
Physicist
27-Aug-1915 4-Nov-2011 Energy levels of atoms
Burton Richter
Physicist
22-Mar-1931   Co-Discoverer of J/psi meson
Richard J. Roberts
Scientist
6-Sep-1943   Eukaryotic (split) genes
Jeffrey Sachs
Economist
5-Nov-1954   The End of Poverty
Carl Sagan
Astronomer
9-Nov-1934 20-Dec-1996 Popular astronomer, host of Cosmos
Robert Schrieffer
Physicist
31-May-1931   BCS Theory of Superconductivity
Julian Schwinger
Physicist
12-Feb-1918 16-Jul-1994 Quantum electrodynamics
Phillip A. Sharp
Biologist
6-Jun-1944   Eukaryotic (split) genes
K. Barry Sharpless
Chemist
28-Apr-1941   Chiral catalysts
Robert M. Solow
Economist
23-Aug-1924   Theory of economic growth
Jack Steinberger
Physicist
25-May-1921   Researcher of neutrinos
Joseph Stiglitz
Economist
9-Feb-1943   Ex-Chief Economist of the World Bank
Leo Szilard
Physicist
11-Feb-1898 30-May-1964 Nuclear chain reaction
E. Donnall Thomas
Scientist
15-Mar-1920   Bone marrow transplants
Charles H. Townes
Physicist
28-Jul-1915   Invention of the maser and laser
Daniel C. Tsui
Physicist
28-Feb-1939   Fractional quantum Hall effect
Harold C. Urey
Chemist
29-Apr-1893 5-Jan-1981 Discovered Deuterium
Harold E. Varmus
Scientist
18-Dec-1939   Genetic causes of cancer
Steven Weinberg
Physicist
3-May-1933   Electroweak Theory
Eric F. Wieschaus
Scientist
8-Jun-1947   Embryonic development of fruit flies
Torsten N. Wiesel
Scientist
3-Jun-1924   Neurophysiology of vision
Frank Wilczek
Physicist
15-May-1951   Deep structure of matter


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