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America's 60 Families


Dynasties listed below were included in America's 60 Families, Ferdinand Lundberg's 1937 expose on the super-rich. Lundberg used tax records to uncover the often impenetrable financial and political machinations of the 60 Families, effectively publishing a directory of names and occupations of family scions as well as estimates of their fortunes.

"The United States is owned and dominated today by a hierarchy of its sixty richest families, buttressed by no more than ninety families of lesser wealth... These families are the living center of the modern industrial oligarchy which dominates the United States, functioning discreetly under a de jure democratic form of government behind which a de facto government, absolutist and plutocratic in its lineaments, has gradually taken form since the Civil War. This de facto government is actually the government of the United States -- informal, invisible, shadowy. It is the government of money in a dollar democracy."
Families are listed in ranked order (according to 1924 tax records) with their primary sources of wealth.

1Rockefeller FamilyStandard Oil
2Morgan FamilyJ. P. Morgan & Co.
3Ford FamilyFord Motors
4Harkness FamilyStandard Oil
5Mellon FamilyAluminum Company
6Vanderbilt FamilyNY Central R&R
7Whitney FamilyStandard Oil
8Standard Oil FamiliesStandard Oil
9Du Pont FamilyDuPont
10McCormick FamilyInternational Harvester, Chicago Times
11Baker FamilyFirst National Bank
12Fisher FamilyGeneral Motors
13Guggenheim FamilyAmerican Smelting & Refining Co.
14Field FamilyMarshall Field's
15Curtis-Boks FamilyCurtis Publishing Co.
16Duke FamilyAmerican Tobacco Company
17Berwind FamilyBerwind-White Coal Co.
18Lehman FamilyLehman Brothers
19Widener FamilyAmerican Tobacco Company, public utilities
20Reynolds FamilyR. J. Reynolds
21Astor FamilyReal estate
22Winthrop FamilyMiscellaneous
23Stillman FamilyCitibank
24Timken FamilyTimken
25Pitcairn FamilyPittsburgh Plate Glass Co. (now PPG Industries)
26Warburg FamilyKuhn, Loeb & Co.
27Metcalf FamilyRhode Island textile mills
28Clark FamilySinger Sewing Machine Co.
29Phipps FamilyCarnegie Steel
30Kahn FamilyKuhn, Loeb & Co.
31Green FamilyStocks and real estate
32Patterson FamilyChicago Tribune
33Taft FamilyReal estate
34Deering FamilyInternational Harvester
35De Forest FamilyCorporate law practice
36Gould FamilyRailroads
37Hills FamilyRailroads
38Drexel FamilyJ. P. Morgan & Co.
39Ryan FamilyStock market
40Foster FamilyAuto parts
41Johnson FamilyVictor Phonograph
42James FamilyCopper and railroads
43Nash FamilyAutomobiles
44Schiff FamilyKuhn, Loeb & Co.
45Patten FamilyWheat market
46Hayden FamilyStock market
47Weber FamilyAllied Chemical & Dye Corp.
48Blumenthal FamilyLazard
49Mills FamilyMining
50Friedsam FamilyMerchandising
51McLean FamilyMining
52Higgins FamilyNew York real estate
53Cochran FamilyTextiles
54Kirkwood Family 
55Tyson Family 
56Huntington FamilyRailroads
57Storrow FamilyLee Higginson & Co.
58Rosenwald FamilySears Roebuck
59Baruch FamilyStock market
60Kresge FamilyMerchandising

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